Dolphin - Coryphaena hipparus

Family Coryphaenidae, DOLPHINS

Description: bright greenish blue above, yellow on sides, with capability of flashing purple, chartreuse, and a wide range of other colors; body tapers sharply from head to tail; irregular blue or golden blotches scattered over sides; anterior profile of head on adult males is nearly vertical; head of females more sloping; the single dark dorsal fin extends from just behind the head to the tail; anal fin margin concave and extending to tail.

Similar fish: pompano dolphin, C. equisetis; the pompano dolphin has squarish tooth patch on tongue (oval tooth patch on dolphin) fewer dorsal rays (48 to 55 vs. 55 to 65 on dolphin).

Where found: Offshore, in warm waters

Size: common to 30 pounds.

Remarks: one of the fastest growing fish, thought to live no more than 5 years, swimming speed estimated at 50 knots, spaws in warm oceanic currents throughout much of the year; young found in sargassum weed, feeds on flying fish and squid.

Florida Record: 77 lbs. 12 ozs.

Information quoted from the publication, Fishing Lines- Anglers Guide to Florida Marine Resources, published by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Division of Marine Fisheries. FWC. 2000. Fish Identification, Fishing Lines: Anglers Guide to Florida Marine Resources, 3rd Edition. K.L. Gregg and J. Fogt (editors). Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Division of Marine Fisheries. 75 pp. Ill.